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Welcome to the 2017 UMaine Student Symposium: Research and Creative Activity electronic event program. This electronic program includes student abstracts, student presentation style descriptions, and presentation schedules. It also includes a map of the venue layout, schedule of the entire day’s events and programs, as well as details and information regarding our sponsors and selected university programs.

We hope you enjoy a full day of student presentations, guest speakers, award ceremonies, and the chance to network with UMaine students, faculty, staff, as well as local and state industry and community leaders! 
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Monday, April 24 • 10:45am - 12:00pm
Poster Presentations – Social Sciences

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Laura Andrews

Clinical Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Anxiety in Young Adulthood: The Role of Attachment, Romantic Relationship Conflict, and Social Support Satisfaction | | Qualities of insecure attachment have been linked with the development of internalizing problems in childhood and adulthood (Sroufe, 2005). Research has also indicated that relationship qualities (i.e., conflict, support) are associated with anxiety symptoms (LaGreca... Read More →
avatar for J. Ross Anthony

J. Ross Anthony

Resource Economics and Policy, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Taking the risk: factors influencing citizen risk perception under beach and shellfish advisories and closures | | Maine and New Hampshire’s coastal zone is an important driver of both states’ economies and is a key quality of life factor. Coastal water quality may be threatened by natural and human process; it is important to understand how coastal water users perceive the risk to human health associated with these threats. Enhanced understanding of risk perception may inform safety information disclosures for both beach-goers and shellfish consumers. I use data collected by the New England Sustainability... Read More →

Abby Bellefleur

Communication, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Mental Health and the Media: Exploring the Relationship between TV Viewing Habits and College Students' Attitudes toward Mental Health | | Cultivation analysis research suggests that television viewing habits affect one’s view of the world (Gerbner, Gross, Morgan, Signorielli... Read More →

Emily Blackwood

Quaternary and Climate Studies, 10:45AM-12:00PM
A study of volcanic activity and its impact on human health and cultural evolution | | Volcanoes have been erupting long before the evolution of modern humans on our planet. Their destructive forces have the potential to decimate surrounding landscapes, permanently or tempora... Read More →

Ariel Bouchard

Psychology, Minor in Neuroscience and Pre-medical studies, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Sleep Parameters as a Contributing Factor in the Detection of MCI | | Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), as prodromal to AD, are the leading causes of cognitive loss in the aging community. Cognitive decline in this population has long been associat... Read More →

William Brayden

Resource Economics & Policy, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Assessing Consumer Preferences for Seafood Labels: the Role of Origin and Certification on Aquaculture-Raised Shellfish and Seaweed | | The production of seaweed and bivalve shellfish represents a substantial and growing sector of the U.S. seafood industry (NOAA, 2016; Watson, 2016). Although consumers may be purchasing more seafood, they still experience confusion during the process. Often, there are too many seafood attributes, some of which seem unclear. Meanwhile, producers must attempt to determine optimal methods for growing, harvesting, and marketing their products to maximize profits. Seafood labels thus play a crucial role in allowing producers to highlight their... Read More →

Christopher Carey

Psychology/Biology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
An investigation of the impact of different types of category representations on decision making | | Categorization is an essential cognitive process that can increase the efficiency of decision making. For instance, categorization training increases the fidelity of category representations, enhancing the ability to make fine discriminations. Category representations are argued to contain within-category information (similarities among group members, e.g., category... Read More →

Arianna Castonguay

Economics, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Working While in College: The Trade-off Between Working and Studying | | When students devote time to working, they make trade offs and choose to spend less time doing things like schoolwork. Does this trade off between time spent working and time spent studying negatively impact academic performances? The objective of this research is to determine if a relationship exists between hours worked and graduation rates. That is, is there a correlation between how many hours a student works and his or her likeliness to succeed in college? | | Previous research regarding the effects working has on... Read More →

Jaimi Clifford

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Flippin' Our Brains: Disability Benefits Everyone | | Disability is often thought of as an object in need of change. Accordingly, products designed for disabled populations aim to improve function and help individuals adapt to their environments. Curiously and often unrecognized, product designed for the atypical and extreme human often find their way into mainstream use, improving the world for everyone. This presentation details and analyzes the process of disability product to commercial success. We illustrate the... Read More →

Heather Cross

Psychology, Sociology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Effects of Video Games and Religious Reminders on Prosociality | | This research aims to assess whether religious prosocial reminders and prosocial video games can work together to increase helping intentions and behaviors. Participants came into the lab to play either a prosocial or a neutral video game that had been framed with either religiously prosocial or nonreligious quotes. They were asked to read and explain the meaning behind three passages that were either religious or neutral, and told to keep the passages that they read in mind as they played a game. They were randomly assigned to play either a prosocial or neutral video game for 15 minutes. After completing gameplay, participants were asked if they were willing to volunteer at a local bottle drive. We recorded their intentions to help, and whether or not they followed through with those intentions. We expect to find that prosocial video games and religious reminders can work together to increase prosocial intentions and behaviors. | | Faculty Mentor: Jordan... Read More →

Katrina Daigle

Psychological Sciences, Neuroscience, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Sleep as a Biobehavioral Marker of Cognitive Decline in Aging Individuals | | Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prelude to more serious cognitive loss associated with Alzheimer’s and other dementias, and is associated with sleep fragmentation and sleep loss. Previous studi... Read More →

Lindsey Dale

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Assessing Older Adult Preferences for Novel Adult Day Camp Programming | | The UMaine Center on Aging conducted a mixed methods assessment of the interest and programming requests for an older adult day camp based at the University of Maine Orono campus, in conjunction with the UMaine Campus Recreation division. Through a series of two community focus groups and an online older adult survey, fitness activities, health and fitness goals, field trip destinations and non-physical fitness activities and barriers to participation were assessed and analyzed. The focus groups revealed a variety of ideas for potential day camp programming. Activities that were mentioned were traditional athletics, making use of existing UMaine fitness facilities, as well as healthy cooking, arts and social activities. Identified barriers to participation were transportation, cost and limited mobility for participants. A total of 29 participants completed the online survey, with a mean age of 74. The respondents were current members of the UMaine Fitness Center. From the survey, it was evident that the idea of a day camp was a novel concept as none of those surveyed had attended an adult day camp previously. Participants were found to favor brief camp programming over a week-long program model. The top activities that had the most interest were strength training, walking and balance training. Non-physical fitness activities of interest were horticulture and social activities. Potential off-site enrichment activity destinations that were identified included coastal trips and restaurant tours. The top health concerns among respondents were strength, heart health and balance. The assessment was completed in November and presented to the older adult day camp planning team. The findings from the assessment will be used to design and implement the older adult day camp offered through UMaine Campus Recreation in collaboration with the UMaine Center on Aging and other community and campus partners. | | Faculty Mentor: Jennifer... Read More →

Meaghan Delcourt

Psychology, Sociology, Neuroscience, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Response to a Computerized Social Stress Task among Individuals who have a History of Non-suicidal Self Injury | | Non-suicidal self injury (NSSI) is the act of causing deliberate self-harm to one’s body without suicidal intent (Nock, 2012) and is known to be a strong predict... Read More →

Alli DellaMattera

Sociology, Spanish, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Family Influence on Problem Drinking in Young Adulthood | | My research will address the relationship between family influence and problem drinking in young adulthood. A specific focus will be on the bond between child and parent, reported feelings of closeness or connectedness to the parent(s) as described by the child, and how parenting practices in adolescence impact future outcomes of young adults. The transition from adolescence to young adulthood is a time of immense transition and change. During this transition, many factors could influence the drinking habits of a young adult. It is important to study problem drinking among young adults as it is a defining, and habit-forming, time of life. Alcohol use has the potential to be associated with problems that encompass all parts of life; physically, mentally, and socially. For these reasons it is necessary to focus in on the young adult age group in relation to problem drinking. | Studying the previous literature has allowed me to know that many different independent variables have been researched in relation to problem drinking but the majority have been in connection with adolescence. The young adult age... Read More →

Lisa Dezso

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Promoting Intergenerational Resilience | | The Promoting Intergenerational Resilience project utilizes mentoring as a tool to teach and build resilience in adolescents. The pillars we chose to promote resilience in teens are: mindfulness, distress tolerance, healthy habits (s... Read More →

Taylor Dore

Human Development, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Exploring the Long Term Developmental Effects of Divorce on Children’s Social Interactions | | The goal of this reflective study is to look at the effects that divorce has on the children and how it affects these children socially. Using research questions and interviews with 2-3 University of Maine college students, 18 years to 25 years old, I will look to see how each person was personally affected by the divorce of their parents and what long lasting effects they still feel the divorce plays in their everyday lives. This can range from how the divorce affected them in their friend groups to what long lasting effects still play a role in how they choose partners. Once research is obtained common themes and differences will be categorized to see what similarities are shared between different students with different experiences. All coming together to show if and how divorce plays a role in... Read More →

Kevin Duffy

Mass Communication, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Media Analysis of Maine Aquaculture Coverage, 2000-2015 | | As aquaculture is increasingly touted as a sustainable solution to offset production declines in wild-caught fisheries, it is further driven into the public sphere through mediated content. The media serves as one critical repository for content about emerging... Read More →

Allyson Eslin

Political Science, Psychology, Economics, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Influence of Economic and Psychological Metrics on Political Decision-Making | | This project seeks to quantify what economic and psychological attributes are presented by eligible Maine voters that currently comprise the state’s relatively small electorate: examining how two typically separate disciplines... Read More →

Eliot Fearey

Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Associations between individual emotion regulation deficits and interpersonal emotion regulation strategies | | The literature suggests individuals with emotion regulation deficits may turn to relationship partners in an attempt at achieving interpersonal emotion regulation. However, the association between individual emotion regulation deficits and attempts at using interpersonal emotion regulation strategies has not been evaluated. We hypothesized emotion regulation deficits would be differentially associated with interpersonal strategies. Data were drawn from a sample of older adolescents. Self-report measures were used to assess deficits, including: nonacceptance of emotional responses, difficulty with goal directed behavior, low impulse control, emotional awareness deficits, few emotion regulation strategies, and difficulty with emotional clarity. Additionally, self-report data were collected for three interpersonal behaviors. Excessive reassurance seeking and conversational self-focus are one-sided interpersonal behaviors associated with depression and relationship problems (Joiner, 1995; Schwartz-Mette... Read More →

Julianna Ferguson

Sociology with a concentration in Crime and Law, minor in Spanish, minor in Legal Studies, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Juvenile Gun Use and Violence in the United States | | This research paper examines the predictors of juvenile gun use and violence primarily through a sociological lens. A focus on specific ACE's (adverse childhood experiences) like broken families, a lack of family cohesion... Read More →

Emma Fox

Ecology & Environmental Science, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Group Participatory Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (PMCDA) and Dam Decisions | | Dam decision-making can be challenging for riverine stakeholders; in particular, hydropower-regulated rivers have diverse and competing management objectives which complicate the decision-making process. Competing management objectives create a... Read More →

Chynna Fuller

Human Development, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Exploring the Impact of Abortion Stigma: Interviews with College Women who have had an Abortion | | The purpose of this study is to help gain a better understanding of how the stigma of abortion impacts college women who have had an abortion. This is an exploratory study and involves interviews with a small number of college women in order to allow an in-depth examination of their experiences with abortion. Although abortion has been legal for over 40 years and it is a fairly common procedure, it is emotionally charged and often stigmatized. This study utilizes a qualitative approach. It will involve interviews with college women ages 18-24 who have had an abortion during their time in college. Issues such as how a woman feels about her choice, who she has told about her abortion experience and how those people reacted as well as how the issue has been handled in college classes and in the media will be explored. We are currently conducting interviews for this study and findings will presented at the research event. It is hoped that this study will lead to a better understanding of... Read More →

Moriah Geer

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
OADS Clinical Review Team Formation | | My LEND (Leadership and Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities) leadership placement is with the DHHS Office of Aging and Disability Services (OADS), assisting in establishing and training a clinical review team (CRT) for Section 21 and 29 Medicaid waiver services. Section 21 and 29 fund home and community supports for adults with developmental disabilities or ASD. Supports like these are vital in ensuring that individuals with disabilities are able to lead fulfilling lives. OADS formed a clinical review team to assess the efficiency and appropriateness of the services that are currently being utilized. They are collecting and analyzing data in order to make recommendations for improvement to the Department. I studied the section 21 and 29 rules, shadowed case managers and attended trainings in order to better understand the current program. I was then able to assist in developing training tools for the newly hired CRT. I also assisted with developing a database to enable the staff to quickly see which clients are due for a review. The purpose of this placement was to allow me to develop and apply my leadership skills. One way that I was able to do this at OADS was by helping with the group formation process as new members were added to the CRT over time. I was also challenged by frequently changing goals and objectives and I learned that flexibility is an important leadership skill. I believe that my experience fulfilled the LEND objective for my placement. | | Faculty Mentor: Alan... Read More →

Christopher Gilbert

Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Movement and Respiration Events During Sleep and Their Relation to Cognitive Decline In Mild Cognitve Impairment | | Dementia such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are the most common forms of cognitive decline, with AD accounting for 60-80% of... Read More →

Angela Hallowell

Economics, International Affairs, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Factors Affecting Teaching Quality: An Analysis of Course Evaluations | | The University of Maine strives to provide quality education and positive learning experiences to its students. To be successful, it is crucial to ensure a high standard of teaching quality. Understanding... Read More →

Dylan Haroldsen

Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Cognition Under Stress: The Impact of Social-Evaluative Stress During Cognitive Task Performance Research on the relationship between psychosocial stress and cognition is often contradictory demonstrating both enhancement and impairment of performance. We propose that the relationship between stress and cognition depends both on variability in stress response (challenge vs threat) and the cognitive system mediating performance (explicit vs procedural; Ell, Cosley... Read More →

Kimberly Herron

Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Cognition under stress: The impact of social-evaluative stress during cognitive task performance | | Research on the relationship between psychosocial stress and cognition is often contradictory demonstrating both enhancement and impairment of performance. We propose that the relationship between stress and cognition depends both on variability in stress response (challenge vs threat) and the cognitive system mediating performance (explicit vs procedural; Ell, Cosley... Read More →

Rachael Huff

Clinical Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Comorbidity of Binge Eating Disorder severity with mood disorders: Examining gender differences | | Binge Eating Disorder (BED), or loss of control while consuming an objectively large amount of food, has been shown to be comorbid with Major Depressive Disorder among women, even compared to obese controls (Telch... Read More →

Melissa Jankowski

Clinical Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Social-Cognitive Risk for Suicide: False Perception or Self-Fulfilling Prophecy? | | Interpersonal theory of suicide (IPT; Joiner, 2005) suggests perceptions of burdensomeness to others and feelings of thwarted belongingness predict risk for suicidal ideation. While research... Read More →
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Michael Kennedy

English, Philosophy, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Illiteracy as Immanent: The (Re)Writing of Rhetoric's Nature Literacy is often thought of as a skill-set, that is, an ability to read and write in the dominant language of one’s socio-historical milieu. Illiteracy, on the other hand, is often thought of as a lack – an absence of a necessary skill-set that influences how well one can work and communicate (via reading and writing) within their dominant language and their society. In other words, illiteracy seems to have been defined through its relationship to the definition of literacy, that is, as a... Read More →

Emily Kobrock

Secondary Education, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Exploring the Impacts of Childfree Families | | The goal of this exploratory study is to learn how a childfree lifestyle influences family relationships and interactions, particularly among family members who have children. Given the shifting landscape of the American family, there has been an increase in childfree families in the... Read More →

Trevor Lamb

Anthropology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Temporal Classification of Historic Period Domestic Ceramics at The Holmes Point West Archaeological Site | | Many European ceramics manufactured during the post-medieval period (c. 1500-1800) are highly diagnostic in nature. A sizable assemblage of ceramics from the latter half of this period has been recovered from the Holmes Point West site on Machias Bay in Maine. Although some of the ceramics from the site have been the subject of limited research, the majority have been understudied. This research has sought to separate the historic ceramics recovered from Holmes Point West into vessel lots, using documented sources and comparative samples within the University of... Read More →

Katrina Lapham

Communication Sciences & Disorders, 9:15AM-10:30AM, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Cerebral Palsy and Augmentative and Alternative Communication: Important Components and Considerations for AAC Implementation (Table 26 Side L, 9:15AM-10:30AM) | | Cerebral palsy is often associated with expressive language deficits, and many children with cerebral palsy require... Read More →

Hannah Lawrence

Clinical Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Risk for depression and suicidality: Evaluating the role of visual and verbal rumination | | Rumination (repeatedly dwelling on negative emotion) is one transdiagnostic factor known to increase risk for depression and suicidality. To date, rumination has nearly exclusively been examined as verbal thought, though it is likely that some individuals ruminate in a visual way. Participants (N=103; Mage=19.28; 68.9% female) completed measures of depressive symptoms, suicidality, rumination, and an original measure of rumination style (visual, verbal, both), to evaluate whether ruminating visually (i.e., dwelling in the form of mental images), verbally (i.e., dwelling in the form of words), or both visually and verbally differentially related to depressive symptom severity and suicidality. | Interestingly, 59.2% of participants experienced visual ruminative thoughts, with 23.3% reporting exclusively visual cognitions when feeling depressed. | | Rumination style significantly moderated the relationship between rumination and depressive symptom severity, R2=.08, F(2,96)=9.75, p | | Faculty Mentor: Rebecca... Read More →

Chelsea Liddell

Natural Resource Economics and Policy, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Determinants of Preferences Regarding Logging in Maine's North Woods | | Despite declines, both logging and the wood products industry it supports remain an important part of Maine's economy and culture. However, evidence of logging can be objectionable to the growing number... Read More →

Adriana Martineau

Communication Sciences and Disorders, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Importance of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Research in Student Athlete Locker Rooms | | Noise-induced hearing loss is a heavily studied topic in the field of audiology. Because of this research, there is a broad understanding of how damage is caused and at what sound levels... Read More →

Rafael Mata

Economics, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Developing Best Practice Methods by Using Survey Data | | WindowDressers is a non-profit organization from Rockport, Maine. This volunteer organization seeks to help reduce home heating cost by providing people with cheap window inserts. Window inserts are wooden frames that fit inside a... Read More →

Emma McWilliams

Psychology, WGS, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Impact of Make Up on the Perceptions of Women in STEM | | Despite advances, gender roles still marginalize women who pursue careers in male-dominated fields (Autumn, 2013; Eagly & Karau, 2002). We hypothesized that the more a woman embraced her femininity (e.g. wearing make-up) the less suited she would seem for a career in STEM. We also examined the consequences of the... Read More →

Molly Miller

Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 9:15AM-10:30AM, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Title: Round Table examining fisheries co-management across Maine’s geographic and cultural contexts: Maine’s intertidal aquaculture industry (Room 6 Presenter 3) | | The Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Network (SEANET) utilizes Ostrom’s social-ecological systems framework to conduct research designed to improve and further develop aquaculture in Maine. Community-based intertidal aquaculture has the potential to diversify... Read More →

Megan Morey

Communication Sciences and Disorders, Interdisciplinary Disabilities Studies, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Disability in Advertising | | Despite the potency of advertising to influence behavior and cultural | memes, it has been unusual until recently to see people with | impairments featured in commercials that market mainstream products, ideas, and services. To the contrary, pe... Read More →

Faith Perez

Social Work / Interdisciplinary Disability Studies, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Theory use in Social Work practice (Section E Poster 19) | | We present the results of a class project in which all students examined how human behavior theories learned in class are actualized in social work practice. Each student asked one social worker in diverse fields about... Read More →

Elizabeth Proctor

Anthropology, Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Art History, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Legendary King: How the Figure of King Arthur Shaped a National Identity and the Field of Archaeology in Britain | | The legend of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table has permeated Western Culture to such an extent that he is an immediately recognizable figure who represents courtly chivalry and the justice of the rightful king. The question of whether such a figure existed has captured public fascination, even if most historians agree he likely... Read More →

Jasmine Proctor

Business Management, Communication, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Communicable Drinking: Understanding the Relationships between Communication and Underage Drinking on a College Campus | | Underage drinking is an ongoing issue in the United States and particularly on college campuses (Harding et al., 2016). College students consume more alcohol than their same-aged peers who are not enrolled in college (Johnston... Read More →

Victoria Quinones

Clinical Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Trait Rumination, Social Problem-Solving and Gender | | Depressive rumination, the tendency to repeatedly dwell on the causes and consequences of one’s negative mood (Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) is involved in the onset, maintenance and duration of depressed mood (Nolen-Hoeksema et al., 2008). The RST (1999) posits that the relationship between rumination and depression may be related to the negative impact rumination has on problem-solving (Nolen-Hoeksema et al., 2008). Two subtypes of depressive rumination have been identified: brooding, a maladaptive form, and reflection, a less maladaptive form of rumination (Treynor et al, 2003). Preliminary research completed in Japan found that brooding was associated with maladaptive, whereas reflection was associated with more adaptive problem-solving (Hasegawa et al., 2015; 2016). The present study examined the relationship between rumination and social problem-solving. In addition, gender differences were explored. | | 148 Amazon Mechanical Turk workers completed measures of depressive symptoms (BDI-II; Beck et al., 1996), rumination (RRS; Nolen-Hoeksema... Read More →
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Kaitlyn Raffier

Ecology and Environmental Science, concentration in Sustainability, Environmental Policy and Natural Resource Management, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Analysis of Dams through Fact Sheet Creation to Aid in Further Dam Decision Making The state of Maine has 597 dams, 156 of which are of high or significant hazard potential according to the National Inventory of Dams Database. With many of them approaching their dates for relicensing, it is important we look at each dam to decide what is best for the future of the stakeholders, environment and renewable energy production. There are many location specific factors to consider: hydrography, land use, history, turbine type, owner, fish lifts, energy generated etc. but these data are not compiled in any one place for us to access. As we run out of resources to supply us with energy, we must research more sustainable ways to produce energy. Hydropower could be that alternative. Yet, many stakeholders wonder how... Read More →

Ian Raugh

Psychology/English, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Evaluation of LEIDS-RR measure of cognitive reactivity as a predictor of depressive symptoms and risk of relapse. | | Cognitive reactivity, or a mood-induced increase in dysfunctional beliefs, is a risk factor for depressive relapse (Lau, Segal, & Williams, 2004). Cognitive reactivity is typically measured using a negative mood induction (i.e. listen to sad music) to evaluate change in dysfunctional attitudes. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity (LEIDS-RR; Solis et al., 2016) was developed to measure cognitive reactivity without a mood induction. The present research evaluated the LEIDS-RR as a predictor of depressive symptoms and relapse using data from a randomized clinical trial of formerly depressed individuals (N = 235). Participants were assigned to Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), relaxation therapy (RT), or as a waitlist control. Total LEIDS-RR scores did not predict depressive symptoms or relapse. LEIDS-RR scores were significantly lower post-treatment, regardless of group (slope = -6.79, p... Read More →

Abby Roche

Communication & Journalism, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Collaborative engagement and communication preferences: An ongoing mixed methods investigation into the Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Network (SEANET) | | This poster will present ongoing results from a mixed method investigation that explores the collaborative process and communication preferences of a large, interdisciplinary, NSF funded, UMaine research initiative. To better understand the communication preferences on the SEANET team, we first conducted a survey with team members. (n=58) during the summer of 2016. Semi-structured interviews (n=26) were conducted throughout Summer and Fall 2016 to supplement survey results. Our results indicate shared motivations and collective visions in terms of challenges and projected outcomes. Additionally, the findings from the survey related to collective communication competencies are suggestive of different disciplinary affiliation ways of approaching and thinking about, and motivations for being involved in, collaborative research projects. Collectively, the findings of the quantitative study indicate avenues for future research related to motivations to engage, shared problem frames, and roles relational influence on communication processes within these collaborations, which can all be further investigated through collected interview data. | | Faculty Mentor: Laura... Read More →

Christine da Rosa

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Volunteering in the Age of the “Silver Tsunami” Volunteerism has declined precipitously despite proven benefits to both volunteers and society. It is unclear whether the retiring Baby Boomer population will provide a larger pool of volunteers (Burtica, Johnson & Zedlewski, 2009; Tang, Morrow-Howell... Read More →

Jaime Roy

Communication Sciences and Disorders, 10:45AM-12:00PM
A survey of noise exposure and hearing health of University of Maine pep band members | | While noise-induced hearing loss has been studied extensively, little research has focused on music-induced hearing loss, which is due to loud music exposure. Previous research has shown that loud music from an ensemble can produce dangerous noise levels (Jin et al., 2013). In the current study, noise levels were examined during pep band performances at hockey games in Alfond Arena and basketball games at the Cross Insurance Center. Noise levels were measured during The Stein Song using the iPhone app, Decibel 10th. We hypothesized that noise levels may differ based on the sporting event. In a second study, UMaine Pep Band... Read More →

Arianna Sessoms

Student Development in Higher Education, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Is Peace Possible?: A Comprehensive Theory to Unite A Divided Society | | Today, conflict, tragedy, and confusion are a staple of our everyday lives. The virality of social media forces us to be aware and engaged in present issues that we otherwise may have been oblivious to. With this overwhelming knowledge, visibility, tension, and calls to activism, it looks as though peace is unattainable within and amongst our cultures. However, in this paper I analyzed and integrated peace theories and works by visionaries such as Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., the Dalai Lama, Aldo Leopold, Vandana Shiva, and more, to create one simple yet comprehensive international theory that expounds on the possibility of peace in our modern society and how to obtain it through the principles of compassion, equality, nonviolence, and community. | | Faculty Mentor: Yvonne... Read More →

Jessica Shankman

Clinical Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Influence of Friendships and Dating Relationships on Depressive Symptom Development Concurrently and Over Time | | Attachment theory supports that peers (e.g., friendships; romantic relationships) become increasingly salient in adolescence (Collins, 2005). Research suggests that some negative qualities of adolescent friendship and dating experiences (e.g., conflict) can adversely impact... Read More →

David Smith

Psychology, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Delayed enhancement in rule-based category learning following acute psychosocial stress | | Stressful situations result in the activation of multiple physiological responses. Recent research suggests that the time varying nature of these physiological responses has important implications for cognitive function, particularly processes dependent upon prefrontal cortical function. Presently we consider the temporal impact of this response in relation to rule-based categorization... Read More →

Elena Smith

Economics, Global Policy, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Analyzing the Earning Profiles of Immigrants and United States Citizens using a Mincer Earnings Function | | A mincer earnings function is known as a single equation model that uses income as a function of schooling and work experience. The basic function is expanded greatly when considering elements of workers such as sex and immigrant status. The model uses U.S. census data from 2000 hosted by the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series at the University of Minnesota. Ordinary least squares is the estimation method used to regress the model in order calculate the returns to education. From this the model is able to both calculate how long it takes for male and female immigrants to catch up to natives, and illustrate the earning profiles of all four parties. | | Regression results support a strong significance on all convention levels for immigrant and gender variable coefficients, allowing for further estimation to be justifiably calculated. The model is then able to tell calculate the number of years it takes for an individual to reach a maximum level of experience prior to the moment of depreciation based off gender and immigrant status. For male natives it takes 29.76 years, for female natives it takes 43.77 years, for male immigrants it takes 39 years, and for immigrant females it takes 43.57 years. From this, the years it takes for immigrants to catch up in their native counterparts is found from the model. For male immigrants it takes 16.8 years and for female immigrants it takes 14.73 years. From this one can illustrate the earning profiles of each member by graphing the wage differential, controlled by the gender and immigrant variables, with their age. The model naturally accounts of a difference between immigrants and citizens by assuming they enter the nation at the age 20. | | The estimates found in the model are supported by heavily cited articles, showing both strikingly similar results in levels and direction of coefficients, and illustrated earnings profiles of immigrants and natives. | | Faculty Mentor: Elena... Read More →

Katelyn F. Smith

Women's, Gender and Sexuality Studies, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Exploring the Experiences and Impact of Middle School and/or High School Bullying: Interviews with College Women | | The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of bullying experiences and how being bullied impacts a person. Specifically, this study examined the bullying experiences and its impact for women who were subjected to such behaviors while in middle school and/or high school. College women between the ages of 18-24 were asked a series of questions during a one-on-one interview that explored their middle school and/or high school experience with being bullied and the impact they feel this bullying has had on them. | According to StopBullying.gov: | | "Bullying is defined as unwanted, aggressive behavior among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose". | | This study is designed to further our understanding of the relationship that bullying experienced in middle school and/or high school has had on college women. It is hoped that the results will add to our understanding of the long-lasting effects of bullying. In addition, it is hoped that this study will provide insight on what middle school and/or high school personnel can do to assist girls that are currently being bullied, as well as provide suggestions for what colleges might be able to do to assist victims of bullying. | | References | Stopbullying.gov (2016). What is the definition of bullying. US. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, DC. Accessed September 26, 2016 http://www.stopbullying.gov/what-is-bullying/index.html | | Faculty Mentor: Sandra... Read More →

Maxwell Staver

Human Development, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Society's Perceptions of Husbands who Make Less Money than Their Wives | | The goal of this exploratory study is to learn about society’s perceptions of husbands who make less money than their wives. Due to a demographic shift in the genders roles of families, society has broken away from the traditional stereotype that men are... Read More →

Kassie Stevens

Masters in Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Testing the Effectiveness of Person-Centered Planning in Maine Adults With Developmental Disabilities | | Rationale: Over the last several decades a process called “person-centered planning,” or PCP, has increasingly been used to identify supports and services for individuals with developmental disabilities. It is now a requirement of the Maine Office of Aging and Disabilities Services (OADS) and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). Very little research exists on the fidelity with which PCP is implemented and there are no tools for measuring the quality of the process. | | Objectives: The goal is to develop a tool to measure the quality of PCP used in planning supports for Maine adults with developmental disabilities. The tool will be used to measure the extent to which an... Read More →

Jessica Stevens

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Identifying the Systems-Level Impact of the Penquis Regional Linking Project: Community Partner Perspectives | | TITLE: Identifying the Systems-Level Impact of the Penquis Regional Linking Project: Community Partner Perspectives | Abstract | The Penquis Regional Linking Project (PRLP) was created as an effort to better serve families within the Penquis region affected by substance abuse. The goal of the Project is to increase the overall well-being of children ages 0-5 who have been affected by substance abuse. The Penquis Regional Linking Partnership, which was formed prior to the PRLP, consists of numerous organizations and agencies that work collaboratively to address needs in the community surrounding substance abuse, connecting families to resources, and addressing service gaps from a systems-level perspective. The partnership members were invited to participate in an interview conducted by a member of the University of Maine Center on Aging (CoA) to gather data that will facilitate an understanding of changes in the Penquis Linking Partnership and the regional service system as a result of participation in the Project. A total of nine partnership members took part in qualitative interviews. The partners were asked a series of questions pertaining to expectations of the project, use of evidence-based practices, project sustainability, and recommendations for improvement. The data was collected and analyzed using primarily a simple thematic qualitative approach. Researchers identified themes from the interviews which will be articulated in a final evaluation report for the Project. This study will be utilized to clarify partner perceptions of the Project and its impact, and will aid in the final assessment of the... Read More →

Ethan Tremblay

Resource Economics and Policy, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Splitting Together: The Evolution of Cooperation in Food Buying Clubs | | Food buying clubs are voluntary consumer organizations in which members collaborate to purchase bulk food at wholesale prices, thus achieving price savings and access to specialty foodstuffs. These groups rely on voluntary cooperation among members, expressed when members contribute time and resources to the... Read More →

Silas Walsh

Social Work, 10:45AM-12:00PM
Age Friendly Communities: The Future is Now | | Age Friendly Communities: The Future is Now | The UMaine Center on Aging conducted a mixed methods assessment of Bangor’s livability for older adults, made possible by the City of Bangor and the Bangor Livable Community Steering Committee. Through a series of eight community based focus groups, the Age Friendly community assessment analyzed the Bangor area in accordance with the World Health... Read More →

Delaney Woodford

Child Development and Family Relations, 10:45AM-12:00PM
The Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Adolescents’ Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors | | Child sexual abuse is often associated with negative outcomes in adolescence. This ongoing study investigates how the trauma of sexual abuse during childhood can shape an individual’s sex... Read More →


Thane Fremouw

Faculty, UMAINE
avatar for Chris Grindrod

Chris Grindrod

Faculty, UMAINE

Sara Lowden

Anthropology, 9:15AM-10:30AM
Ecuador's misappropriation of "buen vivir" This paper examines the epistemological tension surrounding the concept of "buen vivir" and its implications for the governance of natural resources in Ecuador. Rooted in Andean cosmology, "buen vivir" is an emergent philosophy akin to the degrowth movement that addresses the societal and ecological limitations of modern capitalism. This discourse analysis uses the lens of political ecology to investigate Ecuadorian President, Rafael Correa, and his political party's attempt to manipulate and institutionalize "buen vivir" in order to advocate industrial mineral extraction in concordance with the hegemonic extractivist model common throughout Latin America (Kauffman 2014). The analysis studies how Ecuador's constitution promotes responsible mining that respects the "rights of Nature" while in effect aggravating uneven social relations and increasing instability within mining zones (Vanhulst 2014). Interviews conducted in March 2016 in Zamora Province, a rural region near the southeastern border of Peru, reveal growing community opposition to large scale extraction of subsurface mining and document a failure to involve local stakeholders in participatory processes concerning extraction. Such exclusionary processes violate the central pillars of buen vivir and serve to reproduce the dominant growth discourse. References Kauffman, Craig M., and Pamela L. Martin 2014 Scaling Up Buen Vivir: Globalizing Local Environmental Governance from Ecuador. Global Environmental Politics 14(1):40-58. Vanhulst, Julien, and Adrian E. Beling 2014 Buen Vivir: Emergent Discourse within Or Beyond Sustainable Development? Ecological Economics 101:54-63. | | Faculty Mentor: Christine... Read More →
avatar for Elisabeth Maxwell

Elisabeth Maxwell

Marine biology, marine policy, 9:15AM-10:30AM
Examining fishery co-management across Maine’s geographic and cultural contexts: Maine’s soft-shell clam fishery. The Maine soft-shell clam fishery is managed by a unique co-management system that involves shared governance between local communities and the state government... Read More →

Anna McGinn

Climate Change Institute and School for Policy and International Affairs, 1:00PM-2:15PM
Origins of the Anthropocene in Maine and the Northeast | | In 2016, an international group of leading geologists recommended adding a new epoch in Earth’s time scale - the “Anthropocene” - defined by the primacy of human activity in controlling global climate. While the Anthropocene is globally defined, the onset may be spatially asynchronous. We use Maine as a case study to consider the relative degrees to which local, regional, and global human activity influenced... Read More →

Brittany Seman

Microbiology, 9:15AM-10:30AM
Yeast and Filaments Have Independent, Specialized Roles During Disseminated Fungal Infections | | Each year, invasive fungal infections kill between 30-50% of patients who have weakened immune systems due to chemotherapy and corticosteroid use. Most of these fungal infections... Read More →

Monday April 24, 2017 10:45am - 12:00pm

Attendees (7)